Accession Number : ADP001418

Title :   Supervisors' Attitudes Toward Women and the Performance Appraisals given to Men and Women in the Canadian Forces,

Corporate Author : CANADIAN FORCES PERSONNEL APPLIED RESEARCH UNIT TORONTO (ONTARIO)

Personal Author(s) : Simpson,Suzanne P. ; Edwards,Henry

Report Date : 1981

Pagination or Media Count : 10

Abstract : Hypothesizing that supervisor's attitudes towards the rights and roles of women would be related to the kinds of performance evaluations given to women in the Canadian Forces, the performance scores of a subset of women evaluated in 1979 and a matched sample of men were examined in relation to the supervisors' scores on the short form of the Attitudes Toward Women Scale (AWS). The predicted relationship held true for three out of the seventeen scales, Support of Subordinates, Supervision, and Command and Self-Assertion - that is, women were rated lower than men by supervisors expressing traditional views about the rights and roles of women, and there were no differences between the men and women's scores when evaluated by supervisors with more egalitarian views. Contrary to prediction, women evaluated by supervisors expressing more traditional views were not scored significantly lower than women evaluated by supervisors with more egalitarian attitudes. A model of self-fulfilling prophecy advanced to account for some of the supervisor/subordinate relationships which would cause the lower evaluation of women by supervisors holding more traditional views about the rights and roles of women was not supported in tests undertaken.

Descriptors :   *WOMEN, *MILITARY PERSONNEL, *ATTITUDES(PSYCHOLOGY), *SUPERVISORS, *PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), *RATINGS, ROLES(BEHAVIOR), COMPARISON, DISCRIMINATION, BEHAVIOR, MEASUREMENT, QUESTIONNAIRES, DATA ACQUISITION, STATISTICAL ANALYSIS, OPERATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE