Accession Number : ADP001497

Title :   Making Computer-Based Problem-Solving Techniques Appropriate to Smaller Enterprises in Developing Countries,

Corporate Author : CLAYSON (JAMES) AND ASSOCIATES PARIS (FRANCE)

Personal Author(s) : Clayson,J. E.

Report Date : NOV 1982

Pagination or Media Count : 6

Abstract : Because in the west much money has been spent towards designing complex computer models that seek optimal solutions to complex industrial problems, there is a tendency to assume that this approach to informatics is equally appropriate for developing countries. a closer look, however, at the history of operational research (OR)-the discipline that encourages formal mathematical modelling in government and industry-reveals that these large, complex models have a very limited applicability since their great costs can be borne by only the richest organisations. 'Operational Research is the application fo the methods of science to complex problems arising in the direction and management of large systems of men, machines, materials, and money in industry, business, government, and defense. The distinctive approach is to develop a scientific model of the system incorporating measurements of factors such as chance and risk, with which to predict and compare the outcomes of alternative decisions, strategies or controls. The purpose is to help management to determine its policy and actions scientifically.

Descriptors :   *Computer applications, *Problem solving, *Technology transfer, *Operations research, *Industries, *Developing nations, Information transfer, Computerized simulation, Computations, Industrial engineering, Management, Mathematical models, Decision making, Strategy, Control, Predictions, Microcomputers, Computer programs, Data processing, Symposia

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE