Accession Number : ADP001895

Title :   A Preliminary Study of Cardiovascular Risks in Retired Submariners,


Personal Author(s) : Tappan,Donald V. ; Knight,Douglas R. ; Heyder,Elly ; Bondi,Kenneth R.

Report Date : 01 JUN 1983

Pagination or Media Count : 3

Abstract : Two sets of studies seem to agree that both retired and active duty submariners have increased levels of a personality component strongly related to cardiovascular risks and have lowered levels at least two factors associated with reduced risk. One of the explanations for negative association of risk with personality traits is that these factors may be related to 'environmental insulating mechanisms' protective against cardiovascular diseases or disease risks. The authors summarize the findings as they relate to the design of remedial programs for both retired and active duty submariners to promote a state of health for submariners that equals or surpasses the health of the general population at retirement age. The first major problem faced by retired submariners appears to be a result of a severe lack of exercise during their careers aboard submarines. A second general health risk of retired submariners may result from the habit of alcohol consumption which was acquired during their naval careers. A third group of results from the work with retired personnel may reflect some unique personality characteristics of sailors who choose submarine careers.

Descriptors :   *Cardiovascular diseases, *Submarine personnel, Risk, Personality, Alcohol consumption, Active duty, Retirement(Personnel), Aging(Physiology), Exercise(Physiology), Preventive medicine, Military medicine

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE