Accession Number : ADP002291

Title :   Hot Gas APU (Auxiliary Power Unit) Starter for Advanced Aircraft Applications,


Personal Author(s) : Schmitz,B. W. ; Galbraith,L. D. ; Jorgenson,W. E. ; Pahl,D. A.

Report Date : SEP 1983

Pagination or Media Count : 14

Abstract : Design, analysis, and testing has been conducted on a hot gas rotary vane motor for aircraft APU starting over the environmental temperature range of - 65 deg F to + 130 deg F. Experimental testing of the motor was conducted with gaseous nitrogen and with hydrazine based monopropellant hot gas decomposition products. Initial testing indicated problems with excessive gas consumption and binding of parts due to differential expansion. Subsequent revision to the motor configuration reduced gas consumption by 52% compared to the original baseline and eliminated end clearance sensitivity. Analytical studies, verified by test results, indicated the effect of friction coefficient, vane weight, venting, and blade linking on overall internal friction. Design approaches were evolved to minimize overall friction and loads on the vanes. With design revisions implemented to solve initial problems, a motor successfully demonstrated operation at environmental temperatures down to - 65 deg F as well as repeated restart capability. Design criteria have evolved to allow application of the rotary vane motor to specific aircraft starting requirements.

Descriptors :   *Engine starters, *Motors, Hot gases, Pressurization, Expansion, Hydrazines, Gas generating systems, Rotor blades, Heat resistant alloys, Internal friction, Venting, Monopropellants, Starting, Power equipment, Auxiliary, Computer aided design, Weight, Jet aircraft

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE