Accession Number : ADP002935

Title :   Instability of the Flow of Two Immiscible Liquids with Different Viscosities in a Pipe,

Corporate Author : WISCONSIN UNIV-MADISON MATHEMATICS RESEARCH CENTER

Personal Author(s) : Joseph,D. D. ; Renardy,M. ; Renardy,Y.

Report Date : FEB 1984

Pagination or Media Count : 10

Abstract : We study the flow of two immiscible fluids of different viscosities and equal density through a pipe under a pressure gradient. This problem has a continuum of solutions corresponding to arbitrarily prescribed interface shapes. The question therefore arises which of these solutions are stable and thus observable. Experiments have shown a tendency for the thinner fluid to encapsulate the thicker one. This has been 'explained' by the viscous dissipation principle, which postulates that the amount of viscous dissipation is minimized for a given flow rage. For a circular pipe, this predicts a concentric configuration with the more viscous fluid located at the core. A linear stability analysis, which is carried out numerically, shows that while this configuration is stable when the more viscous fluid occupies most of the pipe it is not stable when there is more of the thin fluid. Therefore the dissipation principle does not always hold, and the volume ratio is a crucial factor.

Descriptors :   *Viscous flow, Fluid flow, Viscosity, Flow rate, Volume, Density, Pipes, Circular, Pressure gradients, Steady flow, Ratios, Two phase flow, Navier stokes equations, Interfaces, Axial flow, Thinness, Stability, Variations, Dissipation, Theory

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE