Accession Number : ADP002942

Title :   On the Extremum of Bilinear Functional for Hyperbolic Type P.D.E.,

Corporate Author : ARMY ARMAMENT RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER WATERVLIET NY LARGE CALIBER WEAPON SYSTEMS LAB

Personal Author(s) : Shen,C. N.

Report Date : FEB 1984

Pagination or Media Count : 26

Abstract : Transient solutions of the hyperbolic-type partial differential equations are needed for solving many engineering problems such as computing stress waves for gun dynamics or determining shock behaviors of penetration mechanics. Variational procedures using the bilinear formulations with adjoint variables can serve as the theoretical basis in the derivation of algorithms for the finite element methods, giving direct numerical solutions for partial derivatives of the functions to be found for these problems. The adjoint system can be arranged in a manner that it is a reflected mirror of the original system in time. Generalized boundary conditions employ many types of springs relating the various spatial partial derivatives. They are defined to satisfy the boundaries of the concomitant for the bilinear expression. Algorithms for use in the finite element method are simplified since the adjoint system gives exactly the same solutions as that of the original system. The second necessary condition for an extremum is satisfied by showing that the second variation is positive semi-definite. (Author)

Descriptors :   *Calculus of variations, *Partial differential equations, Finite element analysis, Dynamics, Variables, Shock(Mechanics), Stress waves, Transients, Variational principles, Penetration, Functions(Mathematics), Boundary value problems, Algorithms, Solutions(General), Sensitivity, Coefficients

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE