Accession Number : ADP003012

Title :   Methods for Detecting Moisture Degradation in Graphite-Epoxy Composites,

Corporate Author : ROCKWELL INTERNATIONAL THOUSAND OAKS CA SCIENCE CENTER

Personal Author(s) : Kaelble,D. H. ; Dynes,P. J.

Report Date : AUG 1976

Pagination or Media Count : 28

Abstract : Hydrothermal treatment (combined high moisture and temperature) of graphite fiber reinforced epoxy matrix composite produces irreversible deterioration in shear strength and modifies the Weibull distribution of survival probability(s). Analysis of water diffusion kinetics shows that strength degradation is dominated by the matrix bulk properties. Ultrasonic 2.25 MHz velocity transverse to the fiber axis is sensitive to current moisture content while acoustic attenuation correlates with prior moisture history and strength degradation. The high glass transition temperature of the epoxy relative to maximum moisture exposure temperature restricts extensive degradation matrix and interface. Ultrasonic methods are applied for scanning the effects of positionally variable moisture content and hydrothermal damage in a composite bar. A number of NDE methods including dynamic mechanical spectroscopy (1.0-100 Hz), NMR pulse relaxation spectroscopy, and microwave spectroscopy (2.64 GHz) are shown to provide highly resolved moisture effects data. The development of composite durability characterization and ultrasonics scanning coupled with direct measurement of bulk moisture content appears to offer a versatile NDE methodology for quantitative detection of hydrothermal aging effects on large composite structures.

Descriptors :   *Nondestructive testing, *Composite materials, *Fiber reinforced composites, *Ultrasonics, Epoxy laminates, Epoxy resins, Graphite, Degradation, Moisture, Detection, Shear strength, Spectroscopy

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE