Accession Number : ADP003937

Title :   Model-Based Probabilistic Reasoning for Electronics Troubleshooting,

Corporate Author : NAVY CENTER FOR APPLIED RESEARCH IN ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE WASHINGTON DC

Personal Author(s) : Cantone,R. R.

Report Date : JUN 1984

Pagination or Media Count : 12

Abstract : The Navy A.I. Center is currently developing a series of increasingly sophisticated expert consultant systems for guiding a novice technician through each step of an electronics troubleshooting session. One of the goals is to automatically produce, given a set of initial symptoms, a binary (pass/fail) decision tree of testpoints to be checked by the technician. This paper discusses our initial approach using a modified game tree search technique, the gamma miniaverage method. One of the parameters which guides this search technique - the cost of each test - the conditional probability of test outcomes and the proximity to a solution - are provided by a dynamic model of an expert troubleshooter's beliefs about what in the device is good and what is bad. This model of beliefs is updated using probabilistic test-results yields plausible-consequences rules. These rules are either provided by an expert technician, or approximately by a model-guided Rule Generator. The model that guides the generation of rules is simple block diagram of the Unit Under Test augmented with component failure rates.

Descriptors :   *Teaching methods, *Maintenance management, *Electronic equipment, Models, Artificial intelligence, Naval planning, Algorithms

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE