Accession Number : ADP004501

Title :   Motives and Tactics of Terrorist Groups,

Corporate Author : FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION WASHINGTON DC

Personal Author(s) : Revell,O. B.

Report Date : 04 APR 1984

Pagination or Media Count : 9

Abstract : This paper present a brief overview of major terrorist operations throughout the world and identified common objectives and means of their achievement. The common, recurring ingredients: A terrorist group is formed to change an existing political system or right alleged wrong which, in its view, cannot be accomplished by working within the system; A fanaticism or fervor is manifested by a political or revolutionary ideology, sufficient to justify acts of violence (i.e., terrorism) by the group, to focus public attention on its goals; Elements of clandestinity and secrecy exist in the group's operation; The group procures and provides training, weapons, funding, and other support for its members; and Participants in terrorist activity are generally members of a group with some distinction of leadership. It is noted that two pragmatic concepts seem to run parallel to ideological beliefs: (1) The commission of terrorist acts is less expensive than waging war, in terms of manpower and revenue, and (2) such acts can be well publicized, through a sophisticated international media, thereby focusing attention on, and generating potential support for, the cause.

Descriptors :   *TERRORISM, *MOTIVATION, *CIVIL DISTURBANCES, *INTERNATIONAL, ETHNIC GROUPS, POLITICAL REVOLUTION, THREATS, WEAPONS, TARGETS, MIDDLE EAST, EUROPE, LEGISLATION, LAW ENFORCEMENT

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE