Accession Number : ADP004516
Title : The Multiple Resources Model of Human Performance: Implications for Display Design,
Corporate Author : ILLINOIS UNIV AT URBANA
Personal Author(s) : Wickens,C. D.
Report Date : NOV 1984
Pagination or Media Count : 6
Abstract : This paper describes three cognitive principles of display design proposed within the framework of the multiple resources model of human performance. These principles are: stimulus-central processing compatibility describing the optimum association of display format (print, speech, graphics, sound, and lateral visual field) to the working memory code (Spatial-verbal) used in performance of a task; resource competition, describing how the optimum configuration for displaying two or more sources of task information is to employ separate resources; and task integration, a principle that constrains the application of the resource competition when separate stimulus elements must be integrated int a single mental model for the task. Five experiments are described that investigate these principles in isolation and in different combinations in aviation-related tasks. The data generally support all three principles, and indicate that compatibility is a dominant concept when placed in opposition with resource competition.
Descriptors : *HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING, *DISPLAY SYSTEMS, *PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), MODELS, COGNITION, STIMULI, INFORMATION PROCESSING, COMPATIBILITY, FORMATS, MEMORY(PSYCHOLOGY), CODING, RESOURCES, INTEGRATION, VISION, WORKLOAD, PILOTS, HEARING, ATTENTION, SYMPOSIA
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE