Accession Number : ADP004843

Title :   Propellant Categorisation Trials,

Corporate Author : DEPARTMENT OF DEFENCE CANBERRA (AUSTRALIA)

Personal Author(s) : Tozer,N. H.

Report Date : AUG 1984

Pagination or Media Count : 16

Abstract : The tests conducted showed that medium calibre propellant AR5401, and by analogy small arms propellant AR2201, can be classified as HD 1.3 when transported in M2 cans palletised in an ISO freight container. The tests do not cover the effects of an external detonation as may be experienced in times of hostilities but cover a typical severe practical disaster that may confront the civilian transportation of propellant. Both AR2201 (critical height 13 inches) and AR5401 (critical height 7 inches) exhibited UN HD 1.3 behaviour in M2 cans with greater powder column heights. M2 cans have considerably higher venting pressures than the copper lined wooden boxes traditionally used for transport of small web powders. The time which elapsed between fire outbreak and propellant ignition suggests strong possibility for fire control or 'event minimisation' by the use of drenches, etc.

Descriptors :   *GUN PROPELLANTS, SMALL ARMS AMMUNITION, HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, CLASSIFICATION, TRANSPORTATION, STORAGE, CONTAINERS, PALLETS, VENTING, IGNITION, AUSTRALIA

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE