Accession Number : ADP005571

Title :   Effects of Education and Relaxation Training with Essential Hypertension Patients,

Corporate Author : WILLIAM BEAUMONT ARMY MEDICAL CENTER EL PASO TX

Personal Author(s) : LaGrone,Randy ; Jeffrey,Timothy B. ; Ferguson,Clifford L. ; Greenfield,Gary

Report Date : MAR 1987

Pagination or Media Count : 9

Abstract : Thirty subjects with essential hypertension were randomly assigned to either a control, education, or education with relaxation training group. Independent blood pressure recordings were collected by medical staff a pretest, and 8-week follow-up. Results suggested a significant interaction between treatment and time for the dependent physiological measure, systolic blood pressure. During the pretest to follow-up period, the control group averaged a 5.9 mm. Hg. increase, the education with relaxation group an 8.8 mm. Hg. decrease, and the education group a 14.9 mm. Hg. decrease in systolic blood pressure. There was no significant difference in group means for diastolic blood pressure within groups over time. As measured at follow-up, education appeared more effective in reducing systolic blood pressure than education with relaxation training. More than 1/3 of subjects associated unpleasant side effects with their antihypertensive medication. Almost all treatment subjects rated both the education and relaxation as helpful for understanding and managing their hypertension.

Descriptors :   *HYPERTENSION, *BIOFEEDBACK, *RELAXATION(PHYSIOLOGY), CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY, EDUCATION, ADAPTIVE TRAINING

Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research
      Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE