Accession Number : ADP006074

Title :   Studies of the Intact Human Brain: Implications for Performance,

Corporate Author : NEW YORK UNIV NY DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY

Personal Author(s) : Kaufman, Lloyd

Report Date : FEB 1988

Pagination or Media Count : 17

Abstract : Methodology provides a unifying theme for this conference. Many of the papers deal with electrical potentials and magnetic fields recorded at the scalp as well as with advances in the methods for analyzing these recordings. Psychological states and cognitive processes are directly related to the activity of the brain. It is precisely these states and processes that make it so very difficult to define highly skilled performances and to predict their outcomes. Hence, some of the papers attempt to find links between brain measures and performance. But the types of performance of concern are essentially different from running or test taking. Instead, drowsiness, disorientation (which may or may not be related to drugs), mental work-load, the deployment of attention, and access to memories are assumed to be related to the performance of intricate tasks. Drowsy drivers may fall asleep at the wheel, locomotive engineers under the influence of some kinds of drugs are more likely to have accidents, and pilots overloaded with information may make the wrong decision as to whether or not to engage in a dogfight. Despite this common wisdom it is an easy matter to predict performance from self-reports of fatigue, information over-load, and so on. (js)

Descriptors :   *COGNITION, ACCIDENTS, ATTENTION, BRAIN, DEPLOYMENT, DRUGS, ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES, ENGINEERS, HEAD(ANATOMY), HUMANS, LOCOMOTIVES, MAGNETIC FIELDS, PHYSIOLOGICAL DISORIENTATION, PILOTS, SKIN(ANATOMY), TEST AND EVALUATION.

Subject Categories : Psychology
      Medicine and Medical Research

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE