Accession Number : ADP006161

Title :   Battlefield Obscuration Factors,

Corporate Author : ARMY LAB COMMAND WHITE SANDS MISSILE RANGE NM ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES LAB

Personal Author(s) : Heaps, Melvin G. ; Niles, Franklin E.

Report Date : SEP 1989

Pagination or Media Count : 7

Abstract : Battlefield obscuration factors include the presence of man-made conditions as well as the natural atmosphere. An overview is given of the defeat mechanisms for electro-optical (EO) sensors likely to be encountered in the realistic battlefield environment. An example of friendly and threat obscurant usage is given to estimate the locations, amounts, and durations of smoke and obscurants likely to be found on the battlefield. Climate and adverse weather effects are factored in, particularly as they affect EO systems. In addition, the paper emphasizes the synergism between weather and battlefield obscurants. The general purpose is to provide the defense community with the data to quantify environmental and obscuration factors and their effects on EO systems. These include (1) providing data and methodology for system proponents and designers to assess the effects of battle-induced obscurants on EO components and systems, (2) providing the analytic community with information to calculate system performance, (3) indicating to the test and evaluation community the effects and levels of obscurants that should be considered when a sy stem is evaluated, and (4) indicating to the training and doctrine community effects of realistic battlefield environments on system deployment and potential outcomes in such environments.

Descriptors :   *OBSCURATION, *ELECTRONIC COUNTERMEASURES, *OPTICAL COUNTERMEASURES, *BATTLEFIELDS, WEATHER, ATMOSPHERICS.

Subject Categories : Optical Countermeasures
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE