Accession Number : ADP006243

Title :   General Configuration Aspects on Airlifter Design,

Corporate Author : CONSTRUCCIONES AERONAUTICAS S A MADRID (SPAIN)

Personal Author(s) : Diez, J. L. ; Herrera, J. R. ; Asenjo, J. L.

Report Date : DEC 1990

Pagination or Media Count : 14

Abstract : This paper tries to briefly summarize the main constrains which must be covered during the prefeasibility phase in the airlifter design, based on the actual background of the Advanced Design Department of CASA. Looking at the recent aviation history we can see that in the period before the II W W there was not any aircraft that could be considered to be designed under military transport criteria, certainly caused by the absence of the need of an airlifter system in the Air forces at that time, and the clear domain of the civil airlines requirements. The II W W brought the necessity of real military transport aircraft that could be able not only to carry troops and paratroops but also loads and vehicles close to the first line of combat. This necessity developed in three directions: (1) Specific transport gliders: like the Airspeed Horsa, General Aircraft Hamilcar, Gotha 242, WACO CG -13, etc; (2) Conversion of civil airlines or even bombers into transports: Douglas DC-3 (C-47/53), Curtis C-47, Lockheed C-69, SM-75, JU-52, Avro York, etc; and (3) Specific designs for military transport aircrafts: ARADO 232, Me 323, C-119 Packet, etc. From this period some ideas came that are still in use today like the forward or rearward ramp door to easy the load and unload of the aircraft (Me 323, General Aircraft Hamilcar) or the multiple wheeled landing gear (Arado 232).

Descriptors :   AERONAUTICS, AIRCRAFT, AIRSPEED, BOMBER AIRCRAFT, CIVIL AFFAIRS, COMMERCIAL AVIATION, CONVERSION, DOORS, GLIDERS, HISTORY, LANDING GEAR, MILITARY AIRCRAFT, MILITARY EQUIPMENT, ORIENTATION(DIRECTION), PARATROOPERS, RAMPS, REQUIREMENTS, TRANSPORT, TRANSPORT AIRCRAFT, TRANSPORT SHIPS, WARFARE, WHEELS.

Subject Categories : Aircraft
      Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE