Accession Number : ADP006931

Title :   Centrality of Work: The General Moderator Hypothesis and Scale Developement,

Corporate Author : AIR FORCE ACADEMY COLORADO SPRINGS CO

Personal Author(s) : Gibson, Frederick W. ; Ashley, Kevin A. ; Lindsay, Douglas R.

Report Date : 17 APR 1992

Pagination or Media Count : 5

Abstract : Based on Locke's (1976) Value Theory, centrality of work is proposed as a moderator of several relationships between work-related variables, such as that between job satisfaction and performance. As a first step in examining this hypotheses, we developed a prototype Centrality of Work (COW) Scale. A sample of 135 Air Force Academy faculty and cadets completed the prototype COW Scale. The data were used to examine the factor structure of the items, and to assess differences between the subgroups. One of the classic paradoxes in Industrial/Organizational psychology is that several intuitive relationships between work variables are not supported in the data. Possibly the most perplexing of these is the relationship between job performance and job satisfaction. Time and again, research has shown the correlation between these two variables to be insignificant. Brayfield and Crockett (1955) determined that no appreciable relationship could be found between the two variables, and Locke (1976) came to the conclusion that Job satisfaction has no direct effect on productivity (p. 1334).

Descriptors :   *HYPOTHESES, *JOB SATISFACTION, *PSYCHOLOGY, AIR FORCE, CADETS, CORRELATION, JOBS, PROTOTYPES, SCALE, STRUCTURES, THEORY, TIME, UNITED STATES AIR FORCE ACADEMY, VALUE, VARIABLES, WORK.

Subject Categories : Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE