Accession Number : ADP007265

Title :   Multi-Year Elevation Changes Near the West Margin of the Greenland Ice Sheet from Satellite Radar Altimetry,

Corporate Author : ALASKA UNIV FAIRBANKS GEOPHYSICAL INST

Personal Author(s) : Lingle, Craig S. ; Brenner, Anita C. ; Zwally, H. J. ; DiMarzio, John P.

Report Date : MAR 1992

Pagination or Media Count : 8

Abstract : Mean changes in the surface elevation near the west margin of the Greenland ice sheet are measured using Seasat altimetry and altimetry from the Geosat Exact Repeat Mission (ERM). The Seasat data extend from early July through early October 1978. The ERM data extend from winter 1986-87 through fall 1988. Both seasonal and multi-year changes are measured using altimetry referenced to GEM T2 orbits. The possible effects of orbit error are minimized by adjusting the orbits into a common ocean surface. Seasonal mean changes in the surface height are recognizable during the Geosat ERM. The multi-year measurements indicate the surface was lower by 0.4 +/- 0.4 m on average in late summer 1987 than in late summer 1978. The surface was lower by 0.2 +/- 0.5 m on average in late summer 1988 than in late summer 1978. As a control case, the computations are also carried out using altimetry referenced to orbits not adjusted into a common ocean surface.

Descriptors :   *ELEVATION, *HEIGHT FINDING, *ICE, *SATELLITE PHOTOGRAPHY, GREENLAND, HEIGHT, MEAN, MEASUREMENT, OCEAN SURFACE, ORBITS, SURFACES, RADAR, GREENHOUSE EFFECT, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT.

Subject Categories : Snow, Ice and Permafrost
      Cartography and Aerial Photography
      Meteorology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE