Accession Number : ADP007334

Title :   Glacier Terminus Fluctuations in the Wrangell and Chugach Mountains Resulting from Non-Climate Controls,

Corporate Author : COLD REGIONS RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING LAB FORT WAINWRIGHT AK

Personal Author(s) : Sturm, Matthew ; Hall, Dorothy K. ; Benson, Carl S. ; Field, William O.

Report Date : MAR 1992

Pagination or Media Count : 5

Abstract : Non-climatically controlled fluctuations of glacier termini were studied in two regions in Alaska. In the Wrangell Mountains, eight glaciers on Mt. Wrangell, an active volcano, have been monitored over the past 30 years using terrestrial surveys, aerial photogrammetry and digitally registered satellite images. Results, which are consistent between different methods of measurement, indicate that the termini of most glaciers were stationary or had retreated slightly. However, the termini of the 30-km-long Ahtna Glacier and the smaller Center and South MacKeith glaciers began to advance in the early 1960s and have advanced steadily at rates between 5 and 18 m yr-1 since then. These three glaciers flow from the summit caldera of ML Wrangell near the active North Crater, where increased volcanic heating since 1964 has melted over 7 x 107 M3 of ice. We suspect that volcanic meltwater has changed the basal conditions for the glaciers, resulting in their advance. In College Fjord, Prince William Sound, the terminus fluctuations of two tidewater glaciers have been monitored since 1931 by terrestrial surveying, photogrammetry, and most recently, from satellite imagery. Harvard Glacier, a 40-kmlong tidewater glacier, has been advancing steadily at nearly 20 m yr-1 since 1931, while the adjacent Yale Glacier has retreated at approximately 50 m yr-1 during the same period, though for short periods, both rates have been much higher.

Descriptors :   *GLACIERS, *VOLCANOES, ALASKA, CRATERS, FJORDS, FLOW, HEATING, ICE, IMAGES, MEASUREMENT, MOUNTAINS, PHOTOGRAMMETRY, RATES, REGIONS, SOUND, STATIONARY, SURVEYS, TIDEWATER, UNIVERSITIES, SYMPOSIA, CLIMATE, ARCTIC REGIONS.

Subject Categories : Geography
      Snow, Ice and Permafrost

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE