Accession Number : ADP008146
Title : Semiconductor Ballistic Electron Reflection, Refraction, Interference, and Diffraction Effects: Modeling and Quantum Device Applications,
Corporate Author : GEORGIA INST OF TECH ATLANTA
Personal Author(s) : Gaylord, T. K. ; Henderson, G. N. ; Glytsis, E. N. ; Wilson, D. W. ; First, P. N.
Report Date : APR 1992
Pagination or Media Count : 2
Abstract : Semiconductor growth techniques such as molecular beam epitaxy have been refined so that nanostructures can be grown with precise monolayer and compositional control . This has produced semiconductor materials in which ballistic (collisionless) electron transport lengths of over a micron have been observed. That is, the electrons traverse the sample as quantum mechanical plane waves experiencing no elastic or inelastic scattering events. Ballistic electrons can account for more than half of the current in small devices. Since ballistic electrons are quantum mechanical deBroglie waves, they can be reflected, refracted, interfered, and diffracted in a manner analogous to electromagnetic optical waves. Recently, it has been shown that these electron wave optical effects are exactly analogous to electromagnetic waves in general dielectrics (lossless materials with arbitrary permittivity e and permeability micron). Electron wave interference effects have been observed experimentally for electron energies below the barriers in double-barrier and multi-barrier resonant tunneling devices and for electron energies above the conduction band edges in Ga(1-x)AlxAs heterostructures. In addition, by combining growth techniques with nanolithography, electron wave refraction has been experimentally demonstrated through the fabrication of electron lenses and prisms in a two-dimensional GaAs electron gas.
Descriptors : *ELECTRON TRANSPORT, *SEMICONDUCTORS, *SYMPOSIA, *QUANTUM ELECTRONICS, BARRIERS, CONDUCTION BANDS, DIELECTRICS, ELECTRON GAS, ELECTRON LENSES, ELECTRONS, GALLIUM ARSENIDES, INELASTIC SCATTERING, INTERFERENCE, MATERIALS, MOLECULAR BEAMS, PLANE WAVES, REFRACTION, SCATTERING, TWO DIMENSIONAL, EPITAXIAL GROWTH, REFLECTION, DIFFRACTION, TUNNELING(ELECTRONICS).
Subject Categories : Solid State Physics
Quantum Theory and Relativity
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE