Accession Number : ADP008219

Title :   Polarization-Independent Electro-Optic Waveguide Switch Using Strained InGaAs/InP Quantum Wells,

Corporate Author : AT AND T BELL LABS HOLMDEL NJ

Personal Author(s) : Zucker, J. E. ; Jones, K. L. ; Chiu, T. H. ; Tell, B. ; Brown-Goebeler, K.

Report Date : APR 1992

Pagination or Media Count : 4

Abstract : Most current applications for electro-optic space-division switches call for polarization independence as a top systems requirement. However, in both LiNbO3 and bulk semiconductor devices polarization-independent switching has thus far been achieved only at the expense of greatly increased switching voltage. Moreover in these materials there is no means, other than substrate orientation, for adjusting the relative strength of TE and TM electro-optic coefficients. In this paper we demonstrate a novel approach to polarization independence: control of electro-optic coefficients via bandgap engineering. By design of layer thicknesses and composition in a quantum well heterostructure, we show that it is possible to use strain to adjust the ratio of refractive index changes in the TE and TM polarizations such that (delta nTE)/(delta nTm) approx. 1. At the same time, we make use of the same enhanced excitonic electro-optic effects found in unstrained quantum wells to produce a polarization-independent 2 x 2 switch with voltage-length product 30 times smaller than in bulk semiconductors and 150 times smaller than in LiNbO3. In lattice-matched quantum wells, splitting of the valence-band degeneracy by the superlattice potential gives rise to the absorption spectrum.

Descriptors :   *BULK SEMICONDUCTORS, *OPTICAL WAVEGUIDES, *ELECTROOPTICS, *ELECTRONIC SWITCHING, ABSORPTION, COEFFICIENTS, LAYERS, OPTICS, POLARIZATION, REFRACTIVE INDEX, SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES, SPLITTING, SUBSTRATES, SUPERLATTICES, VALENCE BANDS, VOLTAGE, INDIUM PHOSPHIDES, GALLIUM ARSENIDES, LITHIUM NIOBATES, ELECTRONIC SWITCHING.

Subject Categories : Electrooptical and Optoelectronic Devices
      Optics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE