Accession Number : ADP008288

Title :   Fluorine Spin Diffusion Barrier in Pr3+:LaF3 Observed by Cross Relaxation,

Corporate Author : CALIFORNIA UNIV BERKELEY DEPT OF PHYSICS

Personal Author(s) : Wald, L. L. ; Hahn, E. L. ; Lukac, M.

Report Date : 22 MAY 1992

Pagination or Media Count : 4

Abstract : Photon echo measurements made at 2 OK on the 3H4 - ID2 transition in pr3+:LaF3 show that magnetic dipolar couplings between the Pr and F nuclei account for the 56 kHz homogeneous linewidth of this transition. The homogeneous broadening arises from the enhanced 141 Pr nuclear moment (I=5/2) interacting with the local field fluctuations of the 19 F nuclear moments undergoing mutual spin flip transitions. Such resonant fluctuations should, in the absence of a fluorine spin diffusion barrier, produce a homogeneous linewidth of about 200 kHz which is, in fact, roughly what is observed for the inhomogeneous broadening of the Pr3+ hyperfine levels and is considerably broader than that obtained by the photon echo measurements. Shelby et al 2 proposed a simple model analogous to the spin diffusion barriers responsible for narrowing the homogeneous lines in certain electron paramagnetic resonance transitions. In such systems, the field produced by the electron magnetic dipole moment (orders of magnitude larger than the enhanced nuclear moment associated with the ground state of Pr3+ in LaF3) de-tunes the nearest neighbors from each other, prohibiting mutual spin flips among them. Thus, the Fields produced by the neighboring spins are static and their interaction with the paramagnetic ion contributes to the inhomogeneous linewidth and not to homogeneous broadening.

Descriptors :   *BARRIERS, *DIFFUSION, *FLUORINE, *IONS, *PRASEODYMIUM, *LANTHANUM COMPOUNDS, COUPLINGS, DIPOLE MOMENTS, DIPOLES, ECHOES, ELECTRON PARAMAGNETIC RESONANCE, ELECTRONS, GROUND STATE, INTERACTIONS, MAGNETIC DIPOLES, MEASUREMENT, MODELS, MOMENTS, NUCLEAR MOMENTS, NUCLEI, PARAMAGNETIC RESONANCE, PHOTONS, RESONANCE, STATICS, TRANSITIONS, SPIN STATES, RELAXATION, HOMOGENEITY, MONTE CARLO METHOD, OPTICS.

Subject Categories : Inorganic Chemistry
      Physical Chemistry
      Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy
      Nuclear Physics & Elementary Particle Physics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE