Accession Number : ADP008671

Title :   GaAs-Based Optoelectronic Neurons,

Corporate Author : CALIFORNIA INST OF TECH PASADENA DEPT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

Personal Author(s) : Lin, Steven ; Ho, Francis ; Kim, Jae ; Psaltis, Demetri

Report Date : 22 MAY 1992

Pagination or Media Count : 4

Abstract : The optical implementation of a neural network consists of two basic components: a 2-D array of neurons and interconnections. Each neuron is a nonlinear processing element that, in its simplest form, produces an output which is the threshold version of the input. Liquid crystal spatial light modulators are candidates for such 2-D array of neurons. However, they are not flexible in their use. Optoelectronic integrated circuits (OEIC's), either hybrid, such as liquid crystal on silicon, Si-PLZT, and flip-chip devices, or monolithic integration in III-V compounds, is another solution. In order for these devices to be used as neurons in a practical experiment, they must be large in number (10 to the 4th power/cm squared - 10 to the 6th power/cm squared) and exhibit high gain. This puts a stringent requirement on the electrical power dissipation. Thus, these devices have to be operated at low enough current levels so that the power dissipation on the chip does not exceed the heat-sinking capability, and yet the current levels need to be large enough to be able to produce high gain. This means sensitive input devices are a must. To achieve these goals, the speed requirement of the devices must be relaxed as the operation of neural network does not have to be too fast.

Descriptors :   *HYBRID CIRCUITS, *FLIP CHIPS, POWER LEVELS, NEURAL NETS, LOW LEVEL, MONOLITHIC STRUCTURES(ELECTRONICS), TWO DIMENSIONAL, HEAT SINKS, LIQUID CRYSTALS.

Subject Categories : Electrical and Electronic Equipment

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE