Accession Number : ADP008839

Title :   Monoclonal Antibodies as Catalysts for Cyanide Removal.

Corporate Author : RESEARCH TRIANGLE INST RESEARCH TRIANGLE PARK NC

Personal Author(s) : Cook, C. E. ; Whisnant, Carol C. ; Miller, David B. ; Allen, Donna A. ; Basta, Patricia V.

Report Date : 13 MAY 1993

Pagination or Media Count : 10

Abstract : We have shown that hydrogen cyanide reacts with alpha, beta-unsaturated ketones to form stable compounds under physiological conditions (temperature, pH). Although spontaneous reaction is too slow for protection against cyanide intoxication, rate enhancement in the presence of a suitable catalyst would permit the use of alpha, beta-unsaturated ketones (enones) as prophylactics for cyanide exposure. Based on the accepted mechanism for this 1,4-addition reaction, we have designed and synthesized sized a transition state analog (TSA), conjugated it to protein and used the conjugate to produce more than 300 monoclonal antibodies which bind the TSA. Approximately 10% of these antibodies have been purified from ascites and tested for catalysis of the addition reaction of cyanide to enone. Product formation was measured by HPLC. Four antibodies have been found which significantly enhance the initial velocity of the reaction. The TSA markedly diminishes the reaction velocity, indicating the involvement of the antibody binding site in the observed enhancement. Preliminary kinetic analysis on one antibody gave values of K sub (enone) and K sub KCN 51 uM and 9.6 mM, respectively. The value of k sub (cat) was 2.33 hr-1. The data suggest a rate enhancement of 2 x 10 to the 4th power for the encounter of the enone with the antibody-cyanide complex, whereas the rate enhancement for encounter of cyanide with the antibody-enone complex is 70. To utilize the potential of genetic engineering for modifying the proper-lies of anti-TSA monoclonal antibodies, we are cloning heavy and light chain genes for sequencing and subsequent site-specific mutagenesis.

Descriptors :   *HYDROGEN CYANIDE, *MONOCLONAL ANTIBODIES, *THERAPY, *POISONING, ADDITION REACTIONS, ANALOGS, ANTIBODIES, ASCITES, AUGMENTATION, CATALYSIS, CATALYSTS, CATS, GENETIC ENGINEERING, INTOXICATION, KETONES, LIGHT, POWER, PROTECTION, PROTEINS, RATES, REACTION KINETICS, TRANSITIONS, THERMAL PROPERTIES.

Subject Categories : Biochemistry
      Undersea and Antisubmarine Warfare
      Toxicology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE