Accession Number : ADP009040

Title :   Simultaneous Measurements of Velocity and Scalar Characteristics for the Analysis of Turbulent Heat Transfer in Recirculating Flames,

Corporate Author : TECHNICAL UNIV OF LISBON (PORTUGAL)

Personal Author(s) : Ferrao, P. ; Heitor, M. V.

Report Date : 23 JUL 1992

Pagination or Media Count : 9

Abstract : The use of a laser-Doppler velocimeter has been extended to the analysis of turbulent heat transfer in a strongly sheared disc-stabilized propane-air flame through its combination with either laser Rayleigh scattering or digitally-compensated fine-wire thermocouples. The laser velocimeter was based on a conventional forward scattering system from the green light of a 5W Argon-Ion gas laser, while the Rayleigh signals used the blue line of the same laser. The procedure for the numeric compensation of the thermocouple signals included analysis of the effect of velocity and temperature on the time constant of the thermocouple and was optimized to allow combined velocity-temperature samples acquired by a purpose-built digital interface with a frequency up to 2000 Hz without deterioration of the thermocouple by particle accretion. The maximum effective data rate for the combined Rayleigh/LDV system is shown to be around 130 Hz, which corresponds to a data rae of valid Doppler signals around 400 Hz. The results obtained with the two systems agree qualitatively, although the use of thermocouples attenuates the measured velocity-temperature correlations. The results are used to assess the extent to which turbulent mixing in flames is altered by the accompanying heat release and quantify the processes of non-gradient diffusion in a strongly recirculating premixed flame.

Descriptors :   *HEAT TRANSFER, *FLAME PROPAGATION, *THERMOCOUPLES, LASER VELOCIMETERS, PROPANE, RAYLEIGH SCATTERING, FLOW FIELDS, OPTICAL IMAGES, DIGITAL FILTERS, PROBABILITY DENSITY FUNCTIONS, SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION, SIGNAL PROCESSING, PORTUGAL, TURBULENT DIFFUSION, TEMPERATURE GRADIENTS, DIFFERENTIAL THERMAL ANALYSIS, COMBUSTION STABILITY.

Subject Categories : Combustion and Ignition
      Thermodynamics
      Optical Detection and Detectors

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE