Accession Number : ADP009112

Title :   The Two-Way Time Synchronization System via a Satellite Voice Channel,

Corporate Author : SHAANXI ASTRONOMICAL OBSERVATORY (CHINA)

Personal Author(s) : Zheng, Heng-Qiu ; Zhang, Ren-Huan ; Hu, Yong-Hui

Report Date : 02 DEC 1993

Pagination or Media Count : 7

Abstract : A newly developed two-way time synchronization system is described in this paper. The system uses one voice channel at a SCPC satellite digital communication earth station, whose bandwidth is only 45 kHz, thus saving satellite resources greatly. The system is composed of one master station and one or several, up to sixty-two, secondary stations. The master and secondary stations are equipped with the same equipment, including a set of timing equipment, a synthetic data terminal for time synchronizing, and a interface unit between the data terminal and the satellite earth station. The synthetic data terminal for time synchronization also has an IRIG-B code generator and a translator. The data terminal of master station is the key part of whole system. The system synchronization process is full automatic, which is controlled by the master station. Employing an autoscanning technique and conversational mode, the system accomplishes the following tasks: Unlinking up liaison with each secondary station in turn, establishing a coarse time synchronization, calibrating date (years, months, days) and time of day (hours, minutes, seconds), precisely measuring the time difference between local station and the opposite station, exchanging measurement data, statistically processing the data, rejecting error terms, printing the data, calculating the clock difference and correcting the phase, thus realizing real-time synchronization from one point to multiple points. We also designed an adaptive phase circuit to eliminate the phase ambiguity of the PSK demodulator. The experiments have shown that the time synchronization accuracy is better than 2 US. The system has been put into regular operation.

Descriptors :   *DIGITAL COMMUNICATIONS, *SYNCHRONIZATION(ELECTRONICS), *RADIO LINKS, ACCURACY, AMBIGUITY, BANDWIDTH, CHANNELS, CLOCKS, DEMODULATORS, ERRORS, INTERFACES, MEASUREMENT, REAL TIME, TERMINALS, TIME, CHINA, COMMUNICATION SATELLITES.

Subject Categories : Electricity and Magnetism

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE