Accession Number : ADP204433

Title :   Seismic Studies of the Caspian Basin and Surrounding Regions,

Corporate Author : CAMBRIDGE UNIV (UNITED KINGDOM) DEPT OF EARTH SCIENCES

Personal Author(s) : Mangino, Stephen ; Priestley, Keith

PDF Url : ADP204433

Report Date : 14 AUG 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 10

Abstract : The crust and upper mantle structure of the south Caspian Basin and the Turkmenian Lowlands is enigmatic. From Soviet deep seismic sounding data collected in the 1960's, the crust appears to consists of two layers: a thick sedimentary section (15-25 km) with low P-wave velocity (3.5-4.0 km/s) overlying a 12-18 km thick basaltic lower crust. It has been suggested that this basaltic lower crust is 'oceanic-like' crust and that the south Caspian Basin represents a section of-relic ocean from a Paleozoic - Triassic ocean or a Mesozoic - Paleogene marginal sea. Improved knowledge of the crust and upper mantle velocity structure of the south Caspian Basin is important in a seismic verification context because of the anomalous effect it has on regional seismic waveforms. To investigate the crust and upper mantle structure of the south Caspian Basin, we have installed six three-component seismograph stations within the former Soviet Republics of Turkmenia and Azerbaijan. Our objective is to determine the velocity structure of this region using both body wave receiver function and surface wave modeling techniques. We present receiver function inversion results for four sites and fundamental mode Rayleigh wave observations for two great circle paths across this region.

Descriptors :   *SEISMIC DETECTION, *EARTH CRUST, *SEISMIC WAVES, *ARMS CONTROL, *NUCLEAR EXPLOSION DETECTION, *SEISMIC DISCRIMINATION, *EARTH MANTLE, USSR, SYMPOSIA, SURFACE WAVES, VERIFICATION, NUCLEAR EXPLOSION TESTING, TREATIES, STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY, OCEAN BASINS, RAYLEIGH WAVES, SEISMOGRAPHS, CASPIAN SEA.

Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Seismology
      Seismic Detection and Detectors
      Nuclear Weapons
      Geology, Geochemistry and Mineralogy

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE