Accession Number : ADP204473
Title : A Study of Mine Blasts and Rockbursts in the Pacific Northwest,
Corporate Author : BATTELLE PACIFIC NORTHWEST LABS RICHLAND WA
Personal Author(s) : Rohay, Alan ; Goodwin, Shannon
PDF Url : ADP204473
Report Date : 14 AUG 1995
Pagination or Media Count : 9
Abstract : We have collected regional broad-band and densely-spaced short-period data for nearly 40 mining explosions from the Centralia mine, from two rockbursts in northern Idaho, and from several other explosions in the Columbia River Basalt and elsewhere in Washington state. These recordings, for events with magnitude 2.5 or larger, are being analyzed to determine the characteristics of the seismic signals that identify these events as explosions or rockbursts. The type of delayed blasting at the Centralia mine may not be conducive to the detection of spectral scalloping or nulling, and this effect has not been clearly observed in preliminary spectral analyses of the regional seismic signals. However, these and other blasts generate relatively high-amplitude Rayleigh waves (Rg) that allow their identification as explosions at close distances. We are planning to make near-field deployments using broad-band, high-frequency seismic systems to characterize the effect of the delay pattern and charge sizes on the generation of regional seismic phases from the explosions at Centralia. Rockbursts from the northern Idaho region are due to implosional and fault-slip mechanisms, as determined from in-mine seismic systems. Such events are often triggered by the failure of pillars, in some cases during de-stressing operations. Such events may be of particular interest to discrimination researchers. We are preparing to arrange for the recording of Centralia coal mine blasts on a USGS refraction line in September. Several hundred portable recorders will be operated along a 400 km profile that passes within 20 km of the Centralia mine. This will provide a comparison of the delay-fired mine blasts to the single-shot USGS explosions.
Descriptors : *BLAST WAVES, *SEISMIC DETECTION, *MINING ENGINEERING, *SEISMIC WAVES, *ARMS CONTROL, *NUCLEAR EXPLOSION DETECTION, *EARTHQUAKES, SYMPOSIA, VERIFICATION, MONITORING, UNDERGROUND EXPLOSIONS, NUCLEAR EXPLOSION TESTING, REFRACTION, SEISMIC DISCRIMINATION, TREATIES, SPECTRUM ANALYSIS, SEISMOLOGICAL STATIONS, COAL MINES, SEISMOGRAPHS, IDAHO, COLUMBIA RIVER, WASHINGTON(STATE).
Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
Seismic Detection and Detectors
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE